To achieve these goals, since 2015, Russia has adopted regulatory documents governing the process of import substitution. In the production area, this applies to all subjects involved in procurement in accordance with federal laws.
Dated April 5, 2013 No. 44-FZ «On the contract system for the procurement of goods, works, services for state and municipal needs» and No. 223-FZ dated July 18, 2011 «On the procurement of goods, works, and services by certain types of legal persons «. Here, among other things, the principle of limiting the import of foreign equipment into Russia is regulated. Moreover, — thus — opportunities for domestic manufacturers and suppliers of similar equipment and products are expanding.
Also, the most important document defining new requirements for products is the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of July 17, 2015 No. 719 «On approval of the production of industrial products on the territory of the Russian Federation» on a «point system» for assessing localization criteria.
Auxiliary regulatory legal acts supplementing Decree No. 719 on the development of the priority of procurement of domestic shipbuilding products are the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation dated April 30, 2020.
No. 616 «On the establishment of a ban on the import of industrial goods of foreign origin for state and municipal purchases …» and No. 617 «On the restriction of the import of certain types of industrial goods of foreign origin for the purpose of procurement to meet state and municipal needs.»
The above-mentioned Resolutions No. 616 and No. 617 amended the procurement rules under Federal Law No. 44-FZ in terms of establishing import bans and restrictions on the import of a large list of industrial goods of foreign origin. countries (except for the EAEU countries). Accordingly, when purchasing industrial goods, of which there are more than 170 names in the list, in accordance with Federal Law No. 44-FZ, the “third excess” rule will come into effect. Customers will have to reject all bids containing proposals for the supply of foreign-made goods, if at least two bids for participation in the purchase are submitted, which contain an offer for the supply of goods of Russian (Eurasian) production.
The competent use of such tools will allow, as the import substitution policy is implemented, to take into account the degree of development of domestic production and purchase the products that the domestic market can currently provide. Moreover, over time, this will change the volume of demand for goods from foreign suppliers. This approach will help to increase the share of Russian products purchased by buyers.